Biography Of Francis Bacon


Francis Bacon, an English scientist, and lawyer was born in 1561-1626. Bacon played a key role in the Renaissance and the Scientific Enlightenment. Bacon was a pioneer in the development and promotion of a new scientific method that is based on scientific evidence and results. His reputation is well-known as the father of empiricism, and the Scientific Revolution of the Renaissance.


Early life


Bacon was born on 22 Jan 1561 in London, England, near the Strand. He was 12 years old when he entered Trinity College in Cambridge. There he learned medieval lessons, with the majority of them being conducted in Latin. He was a fan of Aristotle but he had reservations about Aristotle’s philosophical approach (he called it “unhelpful”) and the scholastic tradition that was unquestioningly accepting the past assumptions of classic teachers like Aristotle or Plato.

Bacon, aged 15, traveled to Europe. He spent time in France and also visited Spain and Italy. As part of England’s foreign diplomats, he studied civil law and gained an understanding of political realities. He delivered letters to high-ranking English officials during his travels, including Queen Elizabeth II.

Bacon was forced to return home in 1579 after the death of his father. He began practicing law at Gray’s Inn. Bacon was left with little to no inheritance and had to borrow money from his family to get by. Despite his ill health that plagued him all his life, Bacon was determined to serve his country and church and to seek the truth in philosophy and science.

He was elected to Parliament in 1581 as a Bossiney (Cornwall) member. For the next forty-eight decades, he would be a member of Parliament (for different constituencies). This gave Bacon a platform to become a prominent public figure and a leading member of the government.


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